Qualitative Study of India’s Voting System with Special Emphasis on its Distinctive Structure, Usability, Security and Technological Vulnerabilities

Subhadeep Basu

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India made the switch from paper ballots to paperless electronic voting in phases through the late 1990s to early 2000s and has been using it in all general and state elections since 2004 to meet the global standards of modernization in the electoral process (ref. Applying International Election Standards, National Democratic Institute).Their answer to electronic voting was the indigenously created Electronic Voting Machines (EVM). These machines had to meet a plethora of prerequisites and constraints within which it had to operate in terms of usability, accessibility, portability in addition to the salient requirements of the electoral process.